There are several things you’ll want to keep in mind before taking matters into your… Different weed strains provide different highs, have different sativa and indica content, and grow best in different environments. This guide will help you decide which marijuana seeds to buy online. Growing weed in an AeroGarden: the complete step by step guide with everything you need to know along with pro-tips by experimented growers.
CT’s medical marijuana patients can start growing their own cannabis Oct. 1. Here’s what to know.
Medical marijuana patients in Connecticut can begin growing at home on Oct. 1 under the state’s new recreational cannabis law.
Richard Vogel / Associated Press
Medical marijuana patients in Connecticut can begin growing at home on Oct. 1 under the state’s new recreational cannabis law. Just like growing other types of plants, there are several things you’ll want to keep in mind before taking matters into your own hands when it comes to cannabis cultivation.
Patients 18 years and older may cultivate up to three mature and three immature cannabis plants at home, with a cap of 12 total plants per household. The same rules will apply to all adults over age 21 who will be able to grow starting July 1, 2023.
Plants must be grown indoors at a person’s primary residence in an area not visible from the street and where individuals under 21 can’t access them.
Where do I get seeds?
There are many online sites where you can buy seeds, but perhaps the simplest way is to get seeds from someone who is already growing. Under Connecticut’s law, you are allowed to give away cannabis as a gift.
Seed prices vary depending on the strain and quantity. A quick perusing of some online sites showed that prices range from $25 to $1,000 for coveted strains.
What kind of seeds do I want?
Traditional cannabis plants are either male, which produce seed pods, or female, which produce flowers you want to harvest.
When buying regular seeds, you usually have a 50/50 chance of them being male or female. Therefore, most people starting out will probably want to purchase feminized seeds.
Autoflowering feminized cannabis seeds are often recommended for first-time growers. These seeds produce plants that flower on their own and don’t require any changes in lighting.
Autoflowers also take less time to grow and are compact, which makes them ideal for growing indoors in small spaces.
The downside is lower production and lower THC, said Luis Vega, a hemp farmer in Connceticut and CEO and founder of Wepa Farms.
Vega plans to host classes (the first one is scheduled for Oct. 2) to teach medical marijuana patients how to cultivate plants at home.
Participants will receive clones, young female cannabis plants that are genetic copies of the mother plant — a very common practice in cannabis growing. The classes, which will be done in partnership with medical marijuana certification company CannaHealth, will last six hours and cost $200.
Kebra Smith-Bolden, RN/CEO at CannHealth, said she’s heard from many medical patients who are interested in home grow, which is usually less expensive than buying cannabis from a dispensary.
Vega said he also plans to sell grow kits for $895 that will include all equipment necessary for a “turn key” operation at home.
What’s the difference between a mature and immature plant?
Mature plants are in the flowering state, which is when they produce THC, the psychoactive ingredient. Immature plants are in the vegetative state — the period of growth between germination and flowering.
What about the lighting?
To start, plants should receive 18 hours of light when in the vegetative state and then 12 hours of light when in the flowering state.
Joseph Raymond, founder and president of New England Craft Cannabis Alliance, recommended purchasing LED grow lights, which are more expensive “but definitely worth it” as bad lighting can ruin the process.
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What other equipment do I need?
Both Raymond and Vega recommend purchasing a grow tent, which helps provided controlled environment for growing indoors. Raymond also suggests supplemental CO2.
You’ll need a fan for air circulation. As for soil, Raymond said generally you want to use a peat moss-based soil. If using a hydroponic system, he recommended a coconut coir based medium, which allows for maximum water absorption.
Raymond said plants usually need to be watered one to three days per week. Overwatering and not providing the soil with enough nutrients such as nitrogen and phosphate fertilizers are among the most common mistakes people make, Smith-Bolden said.
How long does cannabis take to grow?
Indoor grow times vary but, on average, from seed to harvest it usually takes about three to four months – but largely depends on lighting and other equipment using.
For autoflowering plants, grow time takes 8 to 10 weeks on average.
How much cannabis will I be able to harvest from my plants?
There’s no clear answer for that as it depends on many factors, including the strain and how long you let your plant grow. Raymond and Vega said on average people should expect to get 2 ounces to 4 ounces of weed per plant.
Best Guide to Marijuana Seeds on the Internet
At a first glance, these options seem straightforward. Growing from seeds requires germination, whereas a clone is a portion of an adult plant that will grow after being replanted.
Although it may seem easier to grow from a clone, transplantation of cloned marijuana plants is often trickier than it sounds. The act of cutting and transporting a clone is stressful to the plant, which can reduce its hardiness in its new environment or affect the quality of the bud.
It is much easier to discreetly acquire seeds than clones online. Seeds are smaller, cheaper and easier to ship. Seeds are, after all, the way that plants transport their genetic information from one place to another and are practically meant for shipping.
Additionally, if you grow from a seed, then you know the entire growth history of your marijuana plant. Clones will have the same genetic background as the adult plant that they were grown from, which includes any and all susceptibilities to fungus or other parasites.
Growth also has an impact on the quality and type of high that you get from your weed strain. If you grow from a seed, you’ll know that your marijuana plant grew in ideal conditions from day one.
Why to buy marijuana seeds online:
Online seed stores have many more varieties than your local dispensary. If you’re looking for a particular type of high, or for a plant that can grow in your specific conditions, you’re more likely to find the right strain online. The large amount of strains available online also means that there’s always a new weed strain to try.
Seed sellers online also use discreet packaging and ship quickly so you’ll get your seeds right away.
Autoflowering seeds grow into marijuana plants that are able to begin flowering on their own. This is in contrast to most of the regular marijuana plants, which must be pushed into their flowering phase. Typical cannabis strains (non-auto strains) are pushed to begin flowering by a change in light/dark periods.
There are some downsides to the autoflowering plants. Typically, these plants will have a shorter lifespan than other strains. This can, in some strains, result in a lower yield per harvest, per plant. However, more harvests are possible per growing season, and outdoor plants can produce multiple harvests per summer.
Other differences include that due to a different genetic makeup from non-autoflowering plants, the autoflowering marijuana plants do not grow as high as the regular varieties, which can make them easier to grow, and easier to hide depending on where you need to grow your plants. The faster harvest time also means that if you only have a limited time to use your garden, you can still get a harvest in.
Autoflowering seeds only require one growth set-up. Regular seeds will require a different growth set-up for the vegetative and flowering cycle. During the vegetative stage of regular marijuana plants, the plants can grow with a constant light level. During the flowering cycle, regular plants will need a “short day” light cycle in order to push the plants to produce buds. Essentially, shorter “day lengths” are necessary to trick regular marijuana plants into believing that it is the end of the growing season and time to flower. With autoflowering plants, you can skip directly from the vegetative to flowering states.
Feminized seeds are plants that have been grown from two female marijuana plants to make sure that the genetic makeup of every seed is female. This is possible because the genetic sex of plants is more complicated than we’re used to. After all, plants can’t move to find a better place to live.
Some species of plants produce both male and female flowers on the same plant, which allows those plants to self-fertilize. Marijuana plants are typically dioecious, which means that a single plant will have all male or all female flowers. However, in stressful conditions, the female plants are capable of growing male flowers so that they can self-fertilize and produce new seeds for the next growing season.
Although all female marijuana plants can produce male flowers when stressed, individual plants require different levels of stress before they produce male flowers. Current methods for creating feminized seeds use two female plants that are unlikely to display intersexuality. One of the female plants is treated with a silver compound to bring out the male flowers. The resulting seeds are guaranteed to be female, and should remain female even in stressful conditions.
Regular seeds will occasionally produce male plants which are useful if you are planning to make your own crosses. However, male plants don’t produce buds, so feminized seeds are useful if you want to guarantee a harvest from each plant.
Sativa vs Indica:
Sativa and indica are two different species of marijuana plants. The three main types of marijuana are Cannabis sativa, Cannabis indica, and Cannabis ruderalis. Due to differences between the two main species, sativa and indica, the plants produce different highs. Sativa plants tend to produce a more energetic high, whereas indica tend to produce a calm, body high.
Weed strains sold as seeds tend to be sativa/indica hybrids with a varying amounts of sativa or indica genetics depending on how the strain was hybridized. In general, strains that are mostly sativa will have a higher THC content than the primarily indica strains. Primarily indica strains are typically more calming and will be better for pain management.
That said, recent studies on the effects of different weed strains suggests that it may be the effect of another chemical in marijuana called the terpenes rather than the more famous cannabinoids, like THC. In either case, the company selling the seeds you’re looking for should have a description of the type of high expected from that particular strain. Although it’s not a perfect method of separating cerebral highs from calming, body highs, indica vs. sativa is still a good place to start.
The White Widow strain is an excellent choice for people looking for a classic, relaxing high. The strain is primarily indica and has high CBD levels, which results in a calm mind and body. Due to these effects, White Widow is an excellent strain for medicinal use. This strain of weed is available in autoflowering and feminized seeds, and does not grow too tall. White Widow produces a medium yield per plant.
The Amnesia strains are a good pick for a sativa high. These strains are available as Amnesia feminized seeds or as Amnesia Haze autoflowering. The Amnesia is typically a larger sativa plant with a long flowering period. However, that long flowering period is worth it, as the yield from these feminized seeds is massive. For a smaller yield with a faster growing period, the Amnesia Haze autoflowering strain has a similar flavor but grows much more quickly than the classic Amnesia. Amnesia Haze autoflowering seeds can produce up to two harvests per summer.
Another classic strain is the Cheese strain. This strain is named cheese due to the specific pungent smell that the plant gives off, which smells like cheese. Feminized seeds will grow to a large plant that produces a massive yield. Cheese is a 60-40 indica/sativa mix. As a result, this plant will produce a giggly high but can also be used for medical purposes, as it will also produce a relaxing body high. Cheese feminized seeds will produce a large yield. Cheese is also available in an autoflowering strain which is smaller and easier to grow indoors. However, when growing any Cheese strains indoors, it’s important to use an air filter to hide the smell.
Choosing and buying your seeds :
There are several things to keep in mind when choosing marijuana seeds to buy. The conditions that you have available for growth, your experience level, and the type of buds you’re hoping to get. Indica vs. sativa ratio can give some hints as to the type of high to expect, but it’s important to read the notes for each strain. Some indica strains can give the sativa energetic high, and some sativa strains can give the more relaxed body high.
Are you growing for yield, for flavor, or for something else? Some strains, such as the cheese, will have an extremely high yield. Other strains will produce smaller buds, but may be a more enjoyable or useful high for you, depending on why you’re smoking.
Flowering time and height are both important depending on whether or not you have long-term access to your garden. If it will be difficult to set up multiple grow conditions, go with an autoflowering strain. If you’re new to growing your own weed strains, a feminized, autoflowering strain is likely to be an easy entrance into weed cultivation.
Smaller strains may be ideal for indoor growth, or for areas in which you would like the plants to blend into the rest of your garden.
Brief guide to growing marijuana:
Ideally, you will have chosen marijuana seeds based on the realities of the growing conditions that you have available. If you need to grow short plants quickly, one of the feminized, autoflowering strains is your best bet. However, if you have more freedom in your growth set-up, weed strains with other specifications can work.
First, germinate your seeds. Seeds can be germinated in water, soil, or on damp paper towels. It’s important in all cases to make sure that the seeds stay damp. In soil, be careful not to overwater, as this can cause the seed to rot. The best method is to put the seeds inside a folded, damp paper towel. In this case, make sure that the seed gets some air flow, otherwise it may grow mold and rot. After a few days, you should be able to see a root growing from the seed. Once that root is about 3 milimeters long, you’re ready to plant.
Location, location, location! Whether you’re growing inside or outside, you need to know the specifics of the location in which you’re growing your weed. For inside growth, make sure that you place your lights at an appropriate distance from the tops of your plants. Strong lights placed too close will burn the leaves, while weaker lights placed too far away will force your marijuana plants to waste energy growing toward the light.
New growers should consider autoflowering strains, as they will be able to set up a single place for their plants to grow. However, if growing regular seeds, the plants need to be allowed plenty of light for the vegetative stage. After regular plants have reached the appropriate heights, they should be switched from continuous light to a day-night cycle with 10 to 13 hours of darkness at a time. This will trigger the plants to begin flowering.
The plants are ready to harvest when the seed pods swell with resin and the white hairs on the outside of these pods begin to change color to red, orange, or brown. Harvest can occur as soon as the majority (about 80%) of the seed pods are changing color.
A Brief History of Marijuana:
Marijuana has been cultivated and used for thousands of years, both as a psychoactive drug and as a source of hemp fibers.
Considering that marijuana is a plant from central Asia, how did it spread all over the world? Easy: due to cultivation. There is evidence of marijuana seeds and buds being burned in fires for smoke as long ago as 3000 BCE. Between the extreme usefulness of hemp fibers and the more entertaining aspects of the bud, marijuana spread all over the world.
Up until the early 20 th century, growing marijuana was legal inside of the United States, although it was typically grown for hemp, which could be used for rope, clothing, or other textiles. In fact, during the seventeenth century, it was illegal for farmers in Virginia to NOT grow hemp!
Prohibition of marijuana in the United States began in the middle part of the century following the marijuana scare that culminated in the anti-weed propaganda film “Reefer Madness.” Marijuana was effectively made illegal in the mid 1930s by an excise tax, although American farmers were encouraged to grow the plant for hemp during WWII. However, the increasingly negative perspective of marijuana, followed by the war on drugs, resulted in its current, mostly-illegal status in the United States.
However, at least in the United States, the prohibition on weed is slowly beginning to lift in various states.
Whether you’re a beginner looking to start growing your own plants, or a connoisseur looking for a specific high, you can find the seeds you’re looking for. The weed strains available online range from classic strains to easy to grow autoflowering varieties. So choose some seeds and get growing!
How to Grow Weed in your AeroGarden
Miracle-Gro AeroGarden™ is an exciting hydroponic system. You can grow fresh herbs, lettuce, tomatoes, year-round, in the comfort of your home.
You may be wondering: Is it possible to grow weed in an AeroGarden? And is it worth it? The short answer is Yes.
In this guide, I’m going to show you everything you need to know to grow weed your AeroGarden™ successfully including the best practices, the material needed, and exclusive pro-tips by experimented growers.
The best part? It will pay for itself in only 2 or 3 grows in weed value!
Table of contents
1. The Best AeroGarden Models For Weed
At the time I wrote these lines, the available models are; Sprout, Harvest, Classic, Bounty, and Farm family. To grow weed successfully, you will need a garden with 24 inches of growing height capacity and a powerful grow light panel.
So here are the AeroGarden models I recommend:
The AeroGarden™ Classic 9 is one of the most powerful models. It comes with a 45-watt LED full spectrum growth light and a growing height extendable up to 24 inches.
The Classic 9 also includes a touch screen control panel that makes things very easy and fun to control!
Classic 9 Bounty model has been replaced recently by a new design and this one is now obsolete but still one of the best to grow weed.
The most recent AeroGarden Bounty comes with a 40-watt grow light. The Bounty Elite (WiFi and Alexa Compatible) comes with a 50-watt grow light and both have 24 inches of growing height capacity.
Finally, the bigger models available are the AeroGarden™ Farm family with 60W of dual LED power and 24 inches of growing height.
2. Weed strain and seed type for the AeroGarden
Since the maximum grow height is only 24 inches (when the LED panel is fully deployed), it’s crucial to choose a strain that will stay small and compact.
Some strains can grow big plants that are not suited for the AeroGarden small reservoir. The strains also determine the effects and medical attributes.
2.1 Cannabis seed types
Autoflowering seeds are perfect for beginners because they grow very quickly and stay smaller. Also, there’s no need to change the light cycle to induce the flowering stage, and you will get only female plants.
Some strains can take only 10 weeks from seed to harvest.
On the other hand, yields are usually smaller with autoflowering seeds and most have a lower THC percentage.
Feminized seeds are also great, they allow growers to apply training techniques that aren’t recommended for auto and they can be cloned.
You will have to change the light cycle from 18/6 to 12/12 to trigger the flowering phase. Increased darkness hours tell the plant the fall is coming and start creating buds.
Key takeaway: Feminized seeds give more control to the experienced grower while autoflower seeds grow faster and are suitable for beginner grower.
2.2 Recommended marijuana strains for the AeroGarden
– (Hybrid) – (Hybrid) – (Indica) – (Indica) – (Hybrid) – (Hybrid) – (Hybrid) – (Hybrid) – (Indica) – (Hybrid) – (Hybrid)
3. The shopping list
Now you have your AeroGarden™ and your seeds, you will need the material below, and the optional list will help to have more yield out of your grow.
3.2 Optional products
Cannabis, like any other plants, needs calcium and magnesium.
Your tap water may have calcium and magnesium in small concentrations, but likely not enough.
If you’re using distilled water, you will need to add a Cal-Mag solution to your water as they are essential secondary nutrients for healthy plant growth.
Botanicare Hydroguard® is well known for their unique beneficial bacteria that help to increase root mass and health.
In my installation, I have added an external air pump with an air stone to make more bubbles in the root zone. This helps to prevent roots rot, and bring more oxygen to the roots.
The external pump also helps to reduce the usage of the AeroGarden™ built-in pump. The water temperature will stay low, and you will be able to keep an optimal temperature (between 65 and 80 degrees Fahrenheit).
On the top of the AeroGarden reservoir, you will find two water/air ports with rubber plugs that you can remove.
They are the same size as the standard aquarium airline tubing. Just place the tubing inside one of them and put the air stone in the center of the bowl.
4. Nutrients and the importance of pH
Important: don’t use the provided plant food that comes with the AeroGarden™. This will not work, and you will lose your time and seeds.
I use General Hydroponics Flora Series, and I always have great results with these nutrients. Some other popular alternatives are Advanced Nutrients and Botanicare.
Your AeroGarden™ Bounty holds approximately 4 liters of water. I pour this amount of water into a big stainless steel mixing bowl. Let the tap water sit for 24 hours to become chlorine-free or use distilled water.
Now it’s time to add nutrients to the water. Begin with half of the recommended dosage by the manufacturer.
If you’re using GH Flora Series, take a look at this fully-tested nutrient schedule.
4.1 pH control
The pH scale ranges from 0 to 14. The pH of the AeroGarden™ solution should be between 5.5 and 6.5.
So I target 6, and I check with the pH pen tester every day and make the required adjustments with pH buffers (do not use pH up and pH down in the same solution).
In the vegetative phase, the pH tends to go higher, and in the flowering stage, it tends to go lower. Keeping the pH in the target zone is essential. Out of this zone, the cannabis plant may be unable to absorb some nutrients, and this leads to nutrient deficiencies.
If the pH fluctuates a lot or is out of control for a long time, your plant leaves will become distorted especially in the new growth areas.
This can be reverted, but the affected leaves will not return to normal appearance.
Key takeaway: pH problems can slow the growth of your cannabis plants and lower your yield.
4.2 Total dissolved solids (TDS) & parts per million (PPM)
Before pouring the solution into the AeroGarden’s bowl, you need to verify the concentration of nutrient in the solution with the TDS digital meter.
In the first weeks, the PPM should be around 400, and this amount increase as the marijuana plants grows. In the early flowering stage, the TDS could be around 1000+ PPM.
High nutrient concentration levels will not help the plant to grow faster and can lead to problems like nutrient burn.
5. AeroGarden setup to grow weed
Now the fun part! I assume you have already assembled your hydroponic system and you have transferred the solution to the AeroGarden reservoir.
Now let’s take a closer look at the control panel. First, set the clock, and if you’re in the quick plant menu, select the grow anything option.
5.1 Grow light settings
Select the sun icon, and follow the steps to configure the grow light. If you have autoflowering seeds, I recommend 20/4 light cycle. My settings are as follow; light open at 6:00 am, and close at 2:00 am.
For feminized seeds, I suggest 18/6 for the vegetative stage, then switch to 12/12 to trigger flowering stage.
5.2 AeroGarden™ Pump settings
Select the water icon, and then change settings. Follow the steps until you reach the pump on/off screen.
In the vegetative stage, I recommend setting the pump 30 minutes on, and 60 minutes off.
In the flowering stage, it’s better to give an oxygen boost in the water for the increasing root masse of your plants. So, if you don’t have an external pump, set the pump to 60 minutes on, and 30 minutes off.
If you have the external air pump with an air stone, keep in mind this one should run all the time from seed to harvest. You can configure the AeroGarden built-in pump 10 minutes on, and 60 minutes off when you run the external pump.
5.3 Nutrients settings
Finally, select the nutrients icon, and then settings. Set your nutrients cycle to 7 days. This is a simple reminder, and the AeroGarden™ will give you a warning every week to add nutrients and replace the water.
6. Seed germination
I strongly recommend growing only one or two plants at a time. Your marijuana plants will need an increased amount of space while growing and try to put more plants will decrease the yield.
Take two grow sponges and baskets, then place the seeds into the small holes. Be sure seeds are not falling too deep, (1/2” would be awesome). Cover the two pods with the provided transparent domes and put duct tape over the remaining pod holes.
From my experience, it could take anywhere from 2 to 4 days to see the first tiny sprout.