The results, Golding says, are more than her family ever dreamed. Six months after complications from surgery left Georgia in chronic pain and unable to use her hind legs, Georgia is now hobbling around happily, a new lease on life that Golding says is thanks to CBD.
That didn't stop a salesperson at Calyx Wellness, another unlicensed CBD store in Toronto, from making bold claims about CBD: "From what I've heard, it depends on your situation, but it'll help with anything," she told the undercover Marketplace crew.
For example, in Ontario, authorized CBD products can only be legally purchased online at the Ontario Cannabis Store, from authorized licensed dispensaries or with a medical note from authorized stores such as Shoppers Drug Mart. In British Columbia, BC Cannabis Store is the only legal place to buy CBD online.
CBD metabolizes in the liver, and both Clarke and Busse want to see more research done on how CBD can interact with medications like blood thinners, antidepressants, opioids and benzodiazepines, as well as anti-seizure and chemotherapy drugs.
U.S. tests find half of CBD products contain undisclosed THC
At Sensitiva, the salesperson pitched us on the benefits of topical CBD products: "CBD helps with inflammation in your body and that can be something topical like skin rashes, psoriasis, acne, wrinkles, sun damage, etc., which is why most of our products are topical."
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That means, like other cannabis products, only government-licensed retailers are allowed to sell CBD products and there are strict rules and regulations around who is allowed to grow, process and distribute CBD products.
The Truth About CBD
While some of the black market sites Marketplace examined did provide test results, it wasn't clear if all lots or batches were tested, and some sites provided results that were years out of date.
"These products can be acquired by anyone in Canada with an internet connection and a credit card," Busse said. "But you can't actually test what all these people are using, which seems very counterintuitive."
Cannabinoids are chemical compounds that are produced naturally in our bodies and in some plants; they’re called endocannabinoids in humans and phytocannabinoids in plants.
How CBD Works
Although it requires more scientific research, cannabinoids and other compounds in cannabis plants and products are thought to work together to amplify or modulate the effects of cannabis, a theory referred to as “the entourage effect.”
Learn more about the endocannabinoid system here
CBD is extracted from the trichomes and is commonly made available as an oil or in capsule form. It can also be applied topically as a cream or salve, inhaled or ingested in dried flowe r format, or ingested as an oil or in an edible product.