Credit: Walther Otto Müller
License: Public domain
Cannabis is a genus of flowering plants in the family Cannabaceae. The number of species within the genus is disputed. Three species may be recognized: Cannabis sativa, Cannabis indica, and Cannabis ruderalis; C. ruderalis may be included within C. sativa; all three may be treated as subspecies of a single species, C. sativa; or C. sativa may be accepted as a single undivided species. The genus is widely accepted as being indigenous to and originating from Asia.
कैनबिस भांग के पौधे से तैयार किया जाता है जिसे एक प्सैकोएक्टिव ड्रग या औषधि के रूप में उपयोग किया जाता है। कैनबिस को मारिजुआना, गांजा और भांग के नामों से भी पुकारा जाता है। कैनबिस का मुख्य प्सैकोएक्टिव हिस्सा टेट्राहैड्राकैनबिनोल (टी.एछ.सी) होता है; यह ४८३ यौगिकों में से एक है, कम से कम 84 अन्य कैनाबिनोइड सहित, जैसे कैनाबिओल (सी.बी.डी), कैनबिनोल (सी.बी.एल), और टेट्राहैड्रोकैनबिवरिन (टी.एछ.सी.वी)।
Cannabidiol (CBD) is a chemical present in the cannabis plant, which is also known as marijuana or Cannabis sativa. While CBD is the second most prevalent of the active ingredients in the Cannabis sativa, there are more than 100 chemical components (cannabinoids) present in the plant. THC (Tetrahydrocannabinol), on the other hand, is the main psychoactive component present in Cannabis plant (and is the major ingredient of the marijuana plant) and gives the ‘high’ feeling. Cannabidiol can also be obtained from the hemp plant, which is a variety of the Cannabis sativa plant and is known to have a low concentration of Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). While the two chemical compounds may have a lot in common, CBD does not have psychoactive effects, unlike THC.
02 /5 What are psychoactive chemical compounds
For the unversed, psychoactive chemical compounds are known to alter brain function which may lead to temporary changes in mood, awareness, behaviour and perception of reality. Being nonpsychoactive, CBD has been long touted to have medicinal benefits and several therapeutic benefits, without the mild-altering impact of TCH (or that high feeling associated with TCH). It is said to be effective in providing relief from pain, anxiety, seizures disorder, Parkinson’s disease, addiction, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). However, more extensive studies are needed to further understand and support these uses of CBD.
03 /5 How does CBD impact the body?
CBD impacts the brain and is said to prevent the breakdown of the chemical in the brain that affects mental function, pain etc. It interacts with the endocannabinoid system by impacting the cannabinoid receptors in the body. There are two types of receptors, CB1 and CB2. According to the existing evidence, unlike TCH, CBD does not directly attach itself to these receptors but rather influences and stimulates them to bring about the health benefits that people associate with this chemical compound.