More research needs to be conducted to confirm whether CBD alone can help reduce or manage pain. Most of the current research looks at treatments containing both tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and CBD, so it's unclear which compound is providing the most wellness benefits.
Choosing a CBD oil for pain relief involves more than just picking a flavor or potency. Here are a few things to consider when shopping for a CBD product.
Meg Byrne, DC, chiropractor and certified acupuncturist with Acacia Natural Medicine in Scottsdale, Arizona—and the Spring Training chiropractor for the San Diego Padres—explains the central role that terpenes found in CBD oil may play in pain relief. "Terpenes, specifically, affect the CB1 and CB2 receptors and neurotransmitters of the brain," she notes. The most common therapeutic terpenes include myrcene, caryophyllene, terpineol, and linalool.
Plant People offers its USDA organic CBD oil in three potencies, making it easier to find the right dose. The brand recommends using this product to help reduce cramps deep within your muscles and ease joint tension for increased mobility. As a bonus, the formula includes turmeric, ginger, and black pepper, which provide anti-inflammatory benefits. It’s also vegan, non-GMO, gluten-free, and keto-friendly as well as Current Good Manufacturing Practice (cGMP) certified for potency and purity.
How to shop for CBD
While Dr. Lam notes that more research is needed to determine exactly which substances exhibit anti-inflammatory effects, she points to current research that suggests terpenoids in cannabis play a key role in decreasing inflammation. Terpenes, or terpenoids, are a category of chemical compounds commonly found in plants that are responsible for a plant's taste, scent, and pigment.
Available in a variety of strengths and flavors, cbdMD’s broad-spectrum formula is a great choice for individuals who are new to CBD. The product is vegan and gluten-free, and the brand offers a 60-day money-back guarantee if you’re not satisfied with the oil. The fact that it uses U.S.-grown hemp ensures that strict safety standards are met during the production process.
Early evidence suggests that CBD could also be beneficial to patients with fibromyalgia. Data presented in 2020 from retrospective trials and patient surveys in the journal Best Practice & Research: Clinical Anaesthesiology showed alleviation of pain, improved sleep, and an abatement of symptoms in fibromyalgia patients who used cannabis and cannabidiol. However, the authors of the review note that there are only a few randomized trial studies on the topic and "current evidence is still limited."
Types of CBD
The best CBD oils use hemp sources from the U.S. that were grown through organic farming practices. Unlike CBD oil manufactured overseas, the U.S. requires federal testing to ensure the hemp is pure, potent, and safe to use and consume. A product's potency is typically measured by milligrams of CBD per 1 milliliter serving. The oils featured in this article have higher potencies than the ones you might use for stress relief.
Potency: 60 milligrams of CBD per 1 milliliter serving in 30- and 100-milliliter bottles
Some studies suggest that CBD can have an effect on how an individual perceives pain, but more robust research is needed. CBD is generally considered a full-body treatment, which means that it does not target back pain specifically—except in the case of topical products—but contributes to an overall feeling of relaxation and pain relief.
CBD requires more research in order to prove and explain its effectiveness as well as to better understand potential side effects (especially long-term) and potential drug interactions.
CBD oil is derived from a plant called cannabis sativa. The plant has over 100 chemical compounds, called cannabinoids, that have a range of effects, including anti-inflammatory and analgesic (pain relieving) qualities.
Ways CBD Treats Back Pain
Research indicates that CBD may reduce back pain by:
Advocates of CBD believe it can be used to treat a range of conditions in addition to back pain, such as anxiety-related disorders. 5
What Is CBD?
Cannabidiol, even in high amounts, is generally safe. Side effects from CBD may include:
The cannabis sativa plant has two main varieties that are grown for specific purposes: