In the US, research has been given a boost by changing guidelines and laws. In 2015 the DEA eased some of the regulatory requirements that have made CBD, as a Schedule 1 substance, difficult to study. “Because CBD contains less than 1 percent THC and has shown some potential medicinal value, there is great interest in studying it for medical applications,” the DEA said in announcing the change.
“Overall, current evidence indicates CBD has considerable potential as a treatment for multiple anxiety disorders,” Dr. Blessing concludes, “with need for further study of chronic and therapeutic effects in relevant clinical populations.”
Available in the form of vaping, oils, lotions, cocktails, coffee, gummies — you name it — CBD has been touted as a treatment for complaints as far-reaching as chronic pain, cancer, migraines, anxiety and ADHD. You know it’s gone mainstream when even Consumer Reports has issued guides on how to shop for CBD and tips for safe CBD use.
The “preclinical” evidence (ie from animal studies) “conclusively demonstrates CBD’s efficacy in reducing anxiety behaviors relevant to multiple disorders,” Dr. Blessing wrote. Those include generalized anxiety disorder, PTSD, panic disorder, social anxiety disorder and OCD.
CBD and autism
Since there isn’t a lot of research about CBD, doctors say there are some risks with using CBD for kids. For example, CBD products may contain things other than CBD, and those things could be harmful. Plus, we don’t yet know if CBD works well with other medications or how much you should give your child.
These days, you can find CBD everywhere. Some people believe that it can treat everything from chronic pain and cancer to anxiety and ADHD. But is it safe for kids?
The review notes that the promising preclinical results are also supported by human experimental findings, which also suggest “minimal sedative effects, and an excellent safety profile.” But these findings are based on putting healthy subjects in anxiety-producing situations and measuring the impact of CBD on the anxiety response. Further studies are required to establish treatment with CBD would have similar effects for those who struggle with chronic anxiety, as well as what the impact of extended CBD use may be.
CBD oil for anxiety
“The biggest problem is there’s a lot that we still need to know, especially in kids,” says Paul Mitrani, MD, a clinical psychiatrist at the Child Mind Institute. “In regards to treating mental health disorders in children and adolescents, there’s a lack of evidence to support its use.”
Because CBD is so new, there also aren’t a lot of rules about what can and cannot be included in CBD products. So, there’s a huge variety in the quality of products. You may even find different amounts of CBD in different packages of the same product.
We aimed to identify best evidence from published literature for effectiveness of cannabinoid products in controlling symptoms of ADHD and its associated common co-morbidities.
Results 7/11 relevant papers were related to adults while 4 were about children and young people (CYP) with ADHD. There is a dose-related association between chronic heavy regular use of cannabis and ADHD symptoms in adults. This is likely due to many adult ADHD patient self-medicating with cannabis. Chronic abuse of Cannabis is associated with abuse of other substances, including ecstasy (MDMA) and methamphetamines.
Limited RCT against placebo showed positive effect of CBD in improving core ADHD symptoms among adults over a 6 week period with no negative effect on cognitive function. Limited study of CBD-based medicines, given as adjunct to pharmaco- and psychotherapy, suggest promising improvement in the symptoms of ADHD and many co-morbid mental, social, communication, behavioral and motor disorders in adults.
Aims Attention deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is the commonest neurobehavioural disorder diagnosed in childhood with a chronic course extending into adulthood in at least a third of the patients. There are ongoing controversies about the safety and efficacy of chronic use of CBD in children and adults.