That said, there are some studies that have looked at what happens when you mix the two. A study published in The Journal of Internal Medicine found that coffee and cannabis activate some of the same pathways in the brain. "The neurotransmitters related to the endocannabinoid system — the same ones affected by cannabis —decreased after drinking four to eight cups of coffee in a day. That’s the opposite of what occurs after someone uses cannabis," a press release about the study emailed to Bustle said.
Once 2018 was declared the year of CBD, it seemed like you couldn’t stop hearing about the product. The cannabis compound, which doesn’t cause a high, has been shown to reduce anxiety, help you sleep, reduce inflammation, and more positive health effects. Whether you prefer chocolates, candies, ice cream, or lattes, CBD product developers never seem to cease expanding upon their creative offerings. But, what are the effects of mixing CBD with caffeine? Doesn’t combining stimulating caffeine with supposedly soothing CBD seem kind of. counterintuitive?
As to the exact effects of mixing the stuff with caffeine, a lot more research needs to happen — but there’s a lot of anecdotal evidence out there. While you might think that the jolt of your morning brew might cancel out your CBD-induced chill, anecdotally, this isn’t always the case. Dr. Bonni Goldstein, MD, the medical director of Canna-Centers, told Cady Drell writing for Marie Claire that figuring out how someone with react to CBD is a case-by-case thing — and the effects of mixing it with coffee aren’t fully understood.
Despite this push towards legitimizing CBD research, New York City’s health department recently told restaurants that CBD could not be served in edibles (like lattes) because it was "not safe as a food additive," according to Eater. CBD is still legal to sell on its own in other forms (and you’re certainly free to spike your own latte), but the decision has cast doubt over the safety and efficacy of the ever-popular CBD lattes.
“It’s unclear at this point in time the exact interaction between CBD and caffeine,” she said. “At low doses, CBD is a stimulant and in higher doses it can cause sedation. Someone’s reaction to a combination of these compounds would not be easily predictable because various doses of each would affect the response.”
2 Burstein S. “Cannabidiol (CBD) and its analogs: A review of their effects on inflammation.” Bioorg Med Chem. 2015;23(7):1377-1385.
Editor’s note: This content was excerpted from a longer article, “Level up coffee and tea with CBD,” in the “Steeped in innovation: Coffee and tea go beyond energy” digital magazine. Click the link to access both.
1 Lash R. “Industrial Hemp: The Crop for the Seventh Generation.” Am Ind Law Rev. 2002;27(1):313-356.
Essentially, CBD coffee and CBD tea may provide energy without the jitters, especially for those sensitive to caffeine, because the CBD neutralizes the adverse side effects of drinking caffeinated beverages. Even for those who don’t drink caffeine, sipping decaf coffee and tea infused with CBD is still an accessible way to reap the benefits of CBD while masking its flavor with a tastier one.
Since the 2018 Farm Bill passed, legalizing cannabinoids derived from hemp, CBD has taken the food and beverage industry by storm. It has shown up in sparkling water, seltzer, gummies, chocolate bars and more. Naturally, adding CBD to coffee and tea-based beverages containing caffeine is the next big thing.
Research indicates CBD and the caffeine in coffee and tea may work synergistically. The most popular stimulant globally, caffeine is proven to increase alertness, reduce fatigue and improve performance on vigilance tasks. 3 Caffeine is a central nervous system (CNS) stimulant, while CBD sedates the CNS. For beverage producers, the good news is research suggests caffeine and CBD may have complementary metabolic effects. 4
The three main types of CBD are full spectrum, broad spectrum and CBD isolate. Full spectrum contains all cannabinoids naturally found in the cannabis plant, including THC. Legally, full-spectrum hemp products cannot contain more than 0.3% THC. Broad spectrum contains multiple cannabinoids naturally found in the cannabis plant, without any THC, meaning it is nonpsychoactive (no danger of getting high). Isolate contains only CBD, no other cannabinoids. Regardless of which type of CBD producers choose, the most common form that appears in beverage products is CBD oil.
3 Smith A. “Effects of caffeine on human behavior.” Food Chem Toxicol. 2002;40(9):1243-1255.
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